Further Instructions on the Prayers including the Rules of a Masjid
Close to Allah the best place is the Masjid and the worst is the town centre (shopping areas).
Dua of going into the Masjid
When you enter a Masjid, first pray the Durood Sharif and then pray this Dua 'Rabbigh Firli Zunubi Waftahli Abwaaba Rahmatik' and when coming out of the Masjid first pray the DuroodSharif and then pray this Dua'Rabbigh Firli Zunubi Waftahli Abwaaba Fadlik'
The Namaz of Witr is Wajib and if for some reason it has not been prayed during it's allocated time then it's Qaza is also Wajib [Alamgiri, Hidaya]. Witr Namaz contains three Rakaat to be performed with one Salaam, the same as the Maghrib Namaz. The first Qaidah is Wajib, meaning after two Rakaats you must sit down and only pray Attahiyat and then stand back up and pray Alhamdo and a Surat and then lift both hands upto the ear lobes and whilst saying Allaaho Akbar fold them again and pray 'Dua-e-Kunoot'. After praying Dua-e-Kunoot perform Rukooh and finish the Namaz as normal.
When can Witr be prayed with Jamaat?
SUNNATS AND NAFLS
There are many Sunnats which are regarded as Maukida, whereby it has been regarded as important in Shariat and to miss it even once without reason is worth reprimanding, and to make a habit of missing them would mean being a wrongdoer (Fasiq) who's giving oath would not be counted and is worthy of hell. To miss it is close to Haram and those who miss it have a risk of not being interceded on the day of judgement. Sunnat-e-Maukida is sometimes also referred to as Sunun-e-Hidaya. Many Sunnats are Ghair Maukida and are sometimes referred to as Sunun-e-Zawa'id and it's importance has not been defined in Shariat and sometimes is quoted as Mustahhab. Nafl are those actions which by doing would gain reward and to miss carries no punishment and there is no harm in missing.
Namaz which is Sunnat-e-Maukida
Where is it better to pray Sunnat and Nafl ?
Namaz of Tahajjud
After praying Isha and after sleeping, the time that you wake up is the time of Tahajjud, however, it is better to pray in the last third of the night. Tahujjud is Sunnat and is prayed without the intention of Sunnat and is at least two Rakats and most is eight Rakats [Fatahul Qadir, Alamgiri].
Notice: To pray more than two Rakats of Nafl in one Salaam will make the rules rather difficult to observe and that is why it is better to pray two, two Rakats.
This Namaz is also Sunnat. After praying Fajr keep on praying the Durood Sharif. After the sun has risen slightly meaning at least twenty minutes from the start of sunrise has passed, then pray two Rakats.
This is also Sunnat and there are at least two Rakats or at the most twelve Rakats, and it is better to pray all twelve. The time for this is when the sun has well risen upto the start of midday, however, it is better to pray it when the sun has quarter risen in the sky.
It has been quoted in the Hadiths that when a person makes an intention for something then he should pray two Rakats Nafl. In the first Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon' and in the second Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'QuI Huwallaho Ahad' and then pray the following Dua and with Wuzu face the Qibla and go to sleep. At the beginning of the Dua and at the end, pray Alhamdo and Durood Sharif. The Dua is as follows; "Allaahumma inni Astakhiruka Bi ilmika Wa Astakdiruka Bi Qudratika Wa As'aluka Min Fadlikal Azueemi Fa innaka Taqdiru Wala Aqdiru Wa Ta'lamu Walaa A'lamu Wa anta Allamul Ghuyub Allahumma In kunta Ta'lamu Anna Hazal Amra Khairulli Fi Deeni Wa Ma'aashi Wa Aaqibati Amri Wa Aajili Amri Wa'Aajilihi Faqdurhuli Wa Yasirrihuli Summa Baarikli Feehi Wa'inkunta Ta'lamu Anna Hazal Amra Sharruli Fi Deeni Wa ma'aashi Wa'Aaqibati Amri Wa Aajili Amri Wa Aajilihi Fa'asrif'hu Anni Wa as'rifni Anhu Waqdur liyal Khaira Haiysu Kaana Summa Raddini Bihi"
At both 'Al Amra' mention your request. Just like in the first one say 'Haza Safara Khairuli' and in the second one say "Haza Safara Sharruli' [Guniya].
When should Istikhara be done ?
Namaz-e-Haajat (Fulfilling Needs)
When someone has a need from Allah Ta'ala or requires something from a person or they are in some sort of difficulty, then carefully perform Wuzu and then pray two or four Rakats Nafl Namaz. In the first Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'AyatuI Kursi' three times. In the second Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'QuI Huwallaho Ahad' once. In the third Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'QuI A'oozo Birabbil Falaq' once and in the fourth Rakat after Alhamdo pray 'QuI A'oozo Birabbin Naas' once. After Salaam pray the following three times; "Huwallahul Lazi Laa'ilaaha illaa Huwa Aalimul Ghaibi Wash'shahaadati Huwar Rahmanur Rahim" then three times pray "SubhanAllaahi Walhamdo Lillaahi Wa Laa ‘ilaaha illAllaaho Wallaho Akbar Walaa Hawla Walaa Quwwata illa Billaah" then three times pray a Durood Sharif and then pray this Dua;
"La ilaaha illAllaahul Hakeemul Kareem SubhanAllaahi Rabbil Arshil Azeem Alhamdo Lillaahi Rabbil Aalameen As'aluka Maujibaati Rahmatika Wa'azaai'ma Maghfiratika Wal Ghanimati Min Kulli Birrinw Wassalamata Min Kulli Ismin Laa tada' Li Zamban illaa Ghafaratahu Walaa Hamman illaa Farrajtahu Walaa Haajatan Hiya Laka Rizan illa Qafaytuhi Yaa Ar'hamarraahimin"
Namaz of Tarawih
Tarawih is the twenty Rakat Namaz that is Sunnat-e-Maukida and is prayed in the month of Ramadan after the Farz Namaz of Isha every night.
NAMAZ FOR THE SICK
If a person due to illness cannot stand and pray Namaz then they should sit and pray Namaz. Whilst seated he should perform Rukooh by leaning far forward and pray 'Subhaana Rabbial Azueem' and then sit back up straight and then go into Sijdah as normal. If he is not able to pray Namaz whilst being seated then he should lay down and pray. The method is to lay down flat and point the feet towards Qibla and keep the knees up and keep a pillow underneath the head so that the face is pointing towards Qibla and the head is higher than the rest of the body. To perform Rukooh and Sijdah by actions, for the Sijdah lean the head completely forward and for the Rukooh lean the head slightly forward. In the same way Namaz can also be prayed lying on your left or right side.
When can an ill person miss Namaz. ?
To make a Namaz Qaza without genuine Shariat reason is a big sin and to pray the Namaz is Farz and is necessary to perform repentance with sincerity. By the use of repentance or having the Hajj accepted will eradicate the sin for delaying the Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
Description of Qaza
Time of Qaza
Which Qaza Namaz is forgiven
ROUTINE IS NECESSARY IN QAZA NAMAZ
Age of becoming an Adult
To be illiterate is not an excuse
Compensation for Namaz (Fidya)
Qaza-e-Umri does not exist
NAMAZ FOR A TRAVELLER
Distance of Travel and the application of Qasr
ORDERS FOR A TRAVELLER
The meaning of Qasr
It is Wajib for a traveller to perform Qasr for Namaz, meaning For four Rakat Farz he should pray two Rakats as for the traveller this the full Namaz.
No Qasr for Sunnats
Conditions of intention when reaching destination
For the intention of reaching destination to be correct there are six conditions, meaning when all six conditions have been fulfilled then he will have finished his full journey, otherwise not.
When you stop walking, if you make the intention whilst walking then you haven't finished your journey.
Wherever you have stopped is fit for stopping, meaning a jungle or boat in a river or ship at sea does not end the journey.
The intention is to stay for fifteen days, if the intention is for less then you will not have finished your journey.
This intention is for one place, if it is for two separate places, i.e. to stay in one place for ten days and the other for five days then you will not have finished your journey.
Your intention is made by yourself and not under the influence of another person who has authority over you and you have total control of your own intention.
Definition of proper home town
A Woman cannot travel without a Mahrum
PRAYING NAMAZ ON A CONVEYANCE
Whether a person is a traveller due to religion or due to worldly affairs once he leaves the outskirts of his town he can pray Nafl Namaz on his conveyance (vehicle of travel e.g. car, horse, camel etc.) whilst seated and he can perform the Namaz whilst seated and perform the Rukooh by action and the Sijdah by bending slightly more than the Rukooh. Do not place your head on an ornament to perform Sijdah or put something on it to perform Sijdah as this is not allowed and whichever way the conveyance is going, keep your face pointing that way as to point it in another direction is not allowed even for the Takbeer-e-Tahrima it is not necessary for the face to be towards the Qibla [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Situations when Namaz can be prayed on a conveyance
Praying Namaz on a moving train
Praying Namaz on a boat or ship.
JUMA (FRIDAY PRAYER)
Juma is Farz-e-Ain meaning obligatory on all individuals. It's obligation is more important than Zohr and those who reject it is a Kafir [Durr-e-Mukhtar, etc.]. It is quoted in the Hadith that those who miss three Jumas has thrown Islam behind them, and he is a hypocrite and is disassociated from Allah [Ibne-Khuzaima, Imam Shafaee].
Conditions of Juma
First Condition - Town or Outskirts of town
Town means a place which has many streets and a shopping centre or markets etc. It also has a district and villages belonging to that district. There must also be a judge or mayor belonging to it whom by his power or authority can ensure people go on trial and justice is upheld, even though he may himself be injustice or does not uphold the law. Outskirts of town mean them places which are constructed because of the town, such as a cemetery, stables for horses, barracks for the army and courts and these are on the outskirts of the town to give service to the town and Juma is allowed there. Therefore the Juma should be either prayed in the city or town or the outskirts of the town, it is not allowed in the villages [Guniya, Bahar-e-Shariat]. Rule: For the town, it's judge or mayor needs to reside there and if he travels and goes elsewhere that place visited will not become a town and the Juma would not be allowed there [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar-e-Shariat]. Rule: If a person who lives in a village goes to a town and intends to stay there that day then the Juma is Farz for them.
Multiple places in a town where Juma can be prayed
Who should lead the Juma ?
There is a very important point that people have not been paying attention to and have been treating Juma like other normal Namaz and whoever wishes has started a new Juma and whoever wishes they have lead it, this is not allowed, because leading the Juma is the duty of the king of Islam or his deputies and wherever there is not Islamic rule then the highest qualified scholar who is from the correct faith of Ahl-e-Sunnat Wa Jamaat is the person who substitutes the Sultan of Islam and ensures that the rules of Islamic law are followed should lead the Juma, and without his permission the Juma cannot be performed. If this is not possible then the person whom people choose as their Imam has to lead the Juma prayers. Also whilst the majority of people being present some of them cannot make a person an Imam or four people decide on an Imam, this type of Juma is not proven anywhere [Bahar-e-Shariat].
Second Condition - King or leader
Leader means a Sultan of Islam or his deputy whom the Sultan has given authority to lead the Juma prayers. Even if the Sultan is a ferocious person or a good person he can lead the prayers. If a person has forced himself into power and according to Shariat he has no right of becoming an Imam, such as he is not a Qureshi or does not fulfil any other condition he can still call for juma prayer [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar etc.].
Third condition – Time
The time of Juma is the time of Zohr, meaning the Juma should be prayed in the time that Zohr is prayed and if in Juma Namaz you got upto praying Attahiyat and the time of Asr started then the Juma Namaz becomes void and you would have to pray the Qaza of Zohr.
Fourth Condition - Khutba (Speech)
What is known as a Khutba
Things that are Sunnat in the Khutba Rule:
It is better to start the Second Khutba like this:
"Alhamdo Lillahi Nahmadaho Wa Nasta'eenuhu Wa Nastaghfiruhu Wanu'Minu Bihi Wanatawakkalu Alaihi Wa Na'uzubillahi Min Shururi Anfusina Wa Min Sayyi Aati A'malina Mayyahdihillaahu Fala Mudilla-lah Wamayyudlillhu Falaa Haadiyalah Wanash Hadu An La ilaaha illAllaahu Wahdahu La Sharika Lahu Wa Nash Hadu Anna Sayyadina Wa Maulana Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasooluh"
If a person is in front of the Imam then he should face the Imam and if he is either on his left or right side then he should turn towards the Imam. It is better to be close to the Imam, however, it is not allowed to cross other people's necks to get there. Although if the Imam has not yet stood up for the Khutba and there is space near the front then it is allowed to go there and if the Imam has already started the Khutba and you then enter the Masjid, then you should sit in the nearest space or corner available. You should sit whilst listening to the Khutba as you sit in Qaidah in Namaz [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Guniya and Bahar].
Fifth Condition – Jamaat
Except for the Imam there must be at least another three men, otherwise the Juma will not count [Hidaya, Shareh Wiqaya, Alamgiri, Qazi Khan].
Sixth Condition - Acceptance of all
This means that the doors of the masjid are opened so that anyone wishing could attend the Juma, no-one must be stopped or prevented. If in a major Masjid (Jamia Masjid) when everyone gathers, the doors were locked behind then the Juma will not count [Alamgiri].
Wajibs of Juma
There are eleven aspects that make Juma Wajib and if even one of these were not fulfilled then it is not Farz but even if he prayed the Juma it will count and in fact for an adult male who is sane it is better to pray the Juma and for a woman it is better to pray Zohr. The conditions are as follows;
1. To be resident in the town or city.
2. Juma is not obligatory on an ill person. The illness must be so bad that the person cannot go to the Masjid where Juma prayers are held or if he did go his illness would get worse or it would delay the illness from getting better [Guniya]. A very old person is treated in the same context as an ill person [Qazi Khan, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Fatahul Qadir].
Rule: If a person is caring after an ill person and is aware that if he goes to pray Juma the ill person will be under risk and no-one else is available to look after them the for the carer, then Juma is not Farz [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
3. To be free. Juma is not Farz on a slave and his master can forbid him [Alamgiri, Qazi Khan].
Rule: He cannot forbid a worker or employee from going to pray Juma, however, if the Jamia Masjid is far away then he can dock some of his pay and the employee cannot appeal against it [Alamgiri].
4. Juma is Farz on males, it is not Farz on females.
5. To be an adult.
6. To be sane. Both these conditions are not specifically for Juma but for all worship to be Wajib you must be an adult and be sane.
7. To have sight. Juma is not Farz on the blind, however, it is Farz on the blind person who can walk around the streets without help or assistance and can reach the Masjid on his own accord [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
8. The person can walk and therefore is not handicapped. However, if he is lame but can walk to the Masjid, then Juma is Farz on him.
9. Juma is not Farz on an imprisoned person who is in Jail. However, it is Farz for a person who has been imprisoned due to debt and is rich and therefore has the means to pay off the debt.
10. To have fear. If a person has the fear of a king or thief or an oppressor or is worried that he will be imprisoned because he does not have the means to pay off a debt, then Juma is not Farz on them [Radd-ul-MohtarJ.
11. If there is a fear of a storm or flood or snow or hurricane, meaning that it would cause you harm if you went out in this weather then Juma is not Farz.
Some more Rules of Khutba
As soon as the Imam stands up for the Khutba all Namaz and Zikr and any type of conversation is forbidden. The only exception is that a Sahib-e-Tarteeb can pray his Qaza Namaz. If a person is praying a Sunnat or Nafl Namaz then they should finish it quickly [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar}.
When is it Wajib to prepare and rush for Khutba ?
Notice. On the day of Juma the souls gather together, hence you should visit the cemetery on this day [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
NAMAZ OF EID
Eid (meaning Fitr and Eid ud Duha) Namaz is Wajib but not for all. It is only Wajib for those for whom Juma is Wajib and the conditions for it are the same as those Juma except in Juma the Khutba is Wajib and for Eid it is Sunnat. If the Khutba was not prayed for Juma then the Juma would not count and if it was not prayed for Eid then the Namaz would count but a bad act has been done. The other difference is that in Juma the Khuba is prayed before Namaz and in Eid it is prayed after. If the Khutba is prayed for Eid before the Namaz then a bad act has been done but the Namaz will count and there is no need to repeat the Khutba and there is no Azaan or Iqamat for Eid Namaz, the only thing that is allowed is to say 'AssalaatuI Jamia' twice [Qazi, Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar].
The following points are Mustahhab on Eid days;
1. To cut your hair
2. To cut your nails
3. To bathe
4. To perform Miswaak
5. To wear good clothes, if you have new then they should be worn, otherwise washed.
6. To wear a ring (which is allowable in Shariat)
7. To wear scent
8. To pray the morning prayer in the Masjid in your area
9. To go to the Eid place (Eid Gaah) early
10. To give Sadqah-e-Fitr before the Namaz
11. To walk to the Eid Gaah.
12. To return back from a different route.
13. To eat a few dates before going to Namaz. They should be either three, five, seven etc. but an odd number. If you do not have dates then eat anything sweet before Namaz and if you do not do this then there is no sin but not to eat anything before Isha, then there will be dissatisfaction [Radd-ul-Mohtar etc.].
14. To show happiness
15. To give Sadqah openly
16. To go to the Eid Gaah respectfully, relaxingly and with your sight lowered.
17. To congratulate each other.
All the above points are Mustahhab.
Method of praying Eid Namaz
The method is to make intention for Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ud-Doha for two Rakats Wajib and then lift your hands up to your ears and say 'Allaho Akbar' and then fold them below the navel as normal. Now pray 'Sana' and then say Allaho Akbar and lift your hands upto your ears and release them and again lift your hands and say Allaho Akbar and release them again and then lift your hands again and say Allaho Akbar and then fold them. Meaning fold your hands after the first and fourth Takbeer and the second and third Takbeers release your hands. The best way to remember is that if there is something to pray after the Takbeer then fold your hands and where there is nothing to pray release your hands and hang them on the side. After folding your hands after the fourth Takbeer the Imam will quietly pray 'A'oozubillah' and 'Bismillah' and then he will pray 'Alhamdo' and a Surat loudly and then go into Rukooh and Sijdah and complete one Rakat. Then in the second Rakat the Imam will first pray the Alhamdo and a Surat then lift your hands to your ears and say Allaho Akbar and release them and do not fold them and repeat this twice more, therefore a total of three times and on the fourth time say Allaho Akbar and without lifting your hands go into Rukooh. This therefore means that in Eid Namaz there are six extra Takbeers, three before Qirayat and after Takbeer-e-Tahrima in the first Rakat and three after Qirayat in the second Rakat and before the Takbeer for Rukooh. Also in all the extra Takbeers you must lift your hands and between two Takbeers a gap of three Tasbeehs should be made and it is Mustahhab in the Eid Namaz to pray after Alhamdo, 'Surah Juma' in the first Rakat and 'Surah Munafiqoon' in the second or in the first pray 'Sabbih Ismi' and in the second 'Hal Ataaka' [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar]. After Namaz the Imam will pray two Khutbas and whatever aspects are Sunnat in the Juma Khutba they are also Sunnat in the Eid Khutba and whatever aspects are Makrooh in the Juma Khutba they are also Makrooh in the Eid Khutba. There are only two differences and they are that in Juma before the first Khutba it is Sunnat to sit down and here it. is Sunnat not to sit down, and secondly it is Sunnat in this Khutba to pray Allaho Akbar nine times before the first Khutba and seven times before the second Khutba and fourteen times before standing down from the Mimbar and in the Juma Khutba it is not [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
The Time of Namaz of Eid and Bakr Eid and duration
What is Takbeer Tashreeq
The Takbeer Tashreeq is called from the ninth of Zil Hajj from Fajr to the thirteenth of Zil Hajj Asr, after every Farz Namaz that is prayed via main Jamaat and to call it once loudly is Wajib and three times is better. The Takbeer Tashreeq is as follows 'Allaho Akbar Allaho Akbar La ilaha illallah Wallaho Akbar Allaho Akbar Walillahil Hamd' [Tanweerul Absar, Bahar].
For Whom is Takbeer Tashreeq Wajib and when is it Wajib ?
NAMAZ OF THE ECLIPSE
The Namaz of Sun Eclipse is Sunnat-e-Maukidah and the Namaz for a Moon Eclipse is Mustahhab. It is Mustahhab to pray the Sun Eclipse Namaz by Jamaat but it can be prayed alone. If it is prayed with Jamaat then all the conditions are the same as per Juma except for the Khutba. The same person leads this Namaz as the same for Juma and if they are not available then the Namaz should be prayed alone either in the home or Masjid [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
The Dignity of Madinah
THE HOLY PROPHET HAZRAT MUHAMMAD MUSTAFA (SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam) has said that one who desires that he should die in Madina must always endeavor that his last breath comes in Madinah, I shall supplicate for him (on the Day of Judgment). He has also said that any one who gives trouble to the people of Madinah, Almighty Allah will put him in trouble, and Allah the Almighty, angels and all the people will curse him, and all his prayers and deeds will go in waste. The Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) has also said that the man who deceives the people of Madinah, he will be reduced and dissolved (by way of emaciation) as salt is dissolved in water. His personality shall lose all integrity, worth etc. He has also said that the angels keep vigilance on all the pathways to Madinah and the Dajjal and the plague (the must accursed disease) shall ever enter the Holy city of Madinah. The Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) has prayed to Allah the Almighty that the blessing and prosperity of Madina may increase more than two fold to those of Makkah.
Respectful Presence and Homage in the Most Sacred
Darbar of the Holy Prophet
(Allah's Peace and Grace be upon him.)
The Blessings of the visit and the loss of beneficence for negligent by pass of Madinah. It is said in the Holy Quran,
(TRANSLATION:- When people wrong themselves and (O Prophet) they come to you to seek forgiveness from Allah and you also pray for their forgiveness, they will find Allah as the Acceptor of repentance and the Most Merciful.)
The Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him) has also said, "Any one who visit (for homage and salutation) My Grace, his supplication become, wajib (essential) on me". He has also said that any one who performs Hajj and pays homage to my grave (i.e. after my death), it is as if he paid visit to me in my life-time. He has also said that the man who performs Hajj and does not pay homage (Ziarat) to me, he oppressed me.
PROBLEM:- The visit and the homage to sacred grave of the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) has the blessings of a wajib.
PROBLEM:- Some people of perverted mentality try to disarrayed simple hearted persons from paying visit to sacred Mazar of the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) by false frights on the way to Madinah. Such threats and warnings should be discarded and spurned in the due measure. The fact is that there is no place under the sky which is more blessed and spiritually prosperous than the Madina Sharif.
ETIQUETTES OF ZIARAT.
(1) After entering the limits of Madinah Sharif he must make an exclusive and most devoted Niyat of getting into the presence of Holy Shrine. The Niyat must be most submissive and attentive to only one object and that is to present oneself as a down cast slave before his most revered and honored master discarding every thing else from the mind and the heart.
(2) If it is the Farz Hajj for which he has proceeded to the Holy Land, then he should first perform the Hajj and thereafter go Madinah Tayyeba. If however, Madinah Tayyeba comes on his way to Makkah then it would be an act of distinct misfortune and exhibition of extreme hard heartedness to by pass Madina. On the other hand, he must avail of this opportunity of offering Durood-o-Salaam in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him) and make this visit as a source of success and acceptance of Hajj. If it is a Hajj-e-Nafil than it is permissible that he should perform the Hajj and having thus achieved the blessings of the Hajj, he may visit Madinah Tayyeba. The other way is also not without blessing if he first pays homage and respectful Ziarat to the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) and then perform the Hajj with greater serenity and purity of heart and mind as a reward of paying humbled attendant at Madinah Munawwara before proceeding to Hajj. He may do as he thinks best according to his Niyat as it is the which determines the quality and sincerity of any deed. It is also said that one gets whatever is his Niyat.
(3) Throughout the way he must be more and more engrossed in reciting Durood-o-Salaam increasing the speed and repetitive offering of the Durood and verses of eulogy in the praise and excellence of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam).
(4) As the Haram-e-Madina comes nearer humility and selflessness demands that puts off the foot wear and walks bare footed to the Holy Shrine. When the Holy Qabba comes in sight the volume and intensity of Durood-o-Salaam must be at its highest and sincerest.
(5) While entering the skirt of the Most sacred city on earth Madinah Munawwarah one should be inextricably engrossed in the contemplation and reflection of the Most August Personality of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa ` SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam. Entering the city gate, put the right foot first and recite these verses,
(TRANSLATION:- I begin in the name of Allah, whatever Almighty desired, there is no Power etc) with the entrance of Truth and make me exit with the Exit of Truth. O Allah! Open for me upon him and peace) what You granted Your Friends and deliver me from the Fire (of Hell), Forgive me and have Mercy on me O the One to Whom begins for Well being are addressed.
(6) Before entering the Holy Masjid (Nabvi), one must make himself relieved of all small necessities which are likely to detract the attention and devotion a later stage of engrossment. Wazu and miswak (still better is to have a bath) must be gone through, put on clean (preferable white dress (new one is all the more suitable for the occasion with added application of perfume corryleum.
(7) After thus having prompted oneself (with nothing external reminding itself as wanting), he must enter the Musjid-e-Nabvi with utmost humility and devotion attention to the One who is the Mercy of the world and the Benefactor of all mankind the Most Beloved Friend of Allah Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam). With eyes down cast and heart filled with reflection on one's deeds, it is most likely that tears with roll by and if one's hard heartedness checks the flow of tears, sorrowful endeavors must be inwardly to melt the stony heart, as the tears remorse true obeisance and utmost humility and utter selflessness move the Throne of Almighty Allah and with the affection and endearment of the greatest sympathizer and benefactor of the down trodden humanity under the canopy of the sky.
(8) He must visit all the doors with Durood o Salam on the lips and in the heart while entering every door, with BismIllaah as if seeking permission to enter with the eight foot as the first step.
(9) At that most auspicious moment every Musalman knows (should know) what deep reverence and respect is needed with the heart, eyes, ears, tongue, hand and foot all working in perfect unison and free from all external instructions. One should not divert his attention towards the arts and designs on the structural plane of observation.
(10) If some comes in front with whom there is other ward intimacy of conversation, but here the occasion if quite different. Except for formal salutation precious time should not be lost in talks etc.
(11) Never never should a word in harsh or loud voice be uttered within the limits of the Masjid-e-Nabvi.
(12) It must be borne in mind with the deepest of Faith and Belief that the Huzur Nabi Karim SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam is still alive with the same true, real, worldly and physical qualities which he possessed when he lived in this universe. His death in this world, as indeed the deaths of all apostles of Allah was nothing but momentary disappearance from the sight of the world, and that too to testify the Divine Truth that every living being has to taste of death and when that appointed moment arrives and passes they resume their life in the different sphere and in the different world which is invisible from our human faculties, but they retain all their qualities, in a grandeur and more prefined refined form. Imam Muhammad Ibne Haaj say in his book" Mudkhal", Imam Ahmad Qistalani in his "Mawa'hib Ladunniyah" and other in their books are of the same view viz,
(TRANSLATION:- There is no difference in the death and life of Hazrat SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam, in respect of his observation of his Ummah, he is aware with their condition their intentions, their determinations and their hearts (contents). All these are so manifest before that no covering can hide them.)
Speaking about the visitors paying homage (with durood-o-salam) Imam Mohaqqiq Ibnul Munsik in his "Mutawassit" and Ali Qari Maki in his interpretation thereof have said,
(TRANSLATION:- Surely the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) is fully aware of your presence, your standing and your salaam, rather he is aware of all your activities and conditions, and moving from one place to another and staying (at a certain place).
(13) After entering the Holy Masjid-e-Nabvi if it is the time of congregation of the Farz Salat is taking or has already taken place, they join the Jama'at, this will be, in itself inclusive of the Nafil Salat of Tahiyat-ul-Masjid. If the time permit and it is not makrooh time for offering Nafil prayers then two rakats of Thanks giving for the blessing of being admitted in the presence of the august and most honored personality of the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him) may be offered. The place for offering Thanksgiving (Shukrana) prayers should be as close the Mehrab of the Holy Masjid as possible.
(14) Now after this, one should proceed with respectful steps and eyes lowered in reverence and utmost humility to the eternal resting place (Mazar-e-Mubarak) of Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him) from the eastern side so that you may reflecting visible that his Merciful Benevolent glance is towards you. This is the most opportune and blessed moment of your life which words and gestures in our deficient sensibility cannot comprehend.
(15) If you are fortunate to have the Divine Blessing, in those auspicious moments you may place yourself at a distance of about a yard with the back to Qibla and face to the Mazar-e-Mubarak and hand locked as in namaz (Salat). Spent some moments in this position, inwardly repeating and rehearsing the Durood-o-Salam, with the lips and tongue motionless and soundless.
(16) In these auspicious moments when emotions and sentiments are almost our flowing are should not be tempted, though reverentially, to kiss or touch the golden *** of the Mazar Aqdas. It should be kept in mind at every moment of one's being fortunate enough to have been blessed with the Divine Favour of presenting himself at such most honored and dignified places in the Holy Lands of Makkah and Madinah in a broad perspective and most especially at the most sacred and auspicious place in the proximity of the Holy Shrine at Madina Munawwarah.
(17) Keeping the eyes humbly lowered in front of the Holy and Mazar-e-Aqdas one should offer Durood-o-Salam in a modest tone by reciting,
(TRANSLATION:- Peace be on you, O Holy Prophet! and the Mercy and Blessing of Allah. Peace be on You O The Messenger of Allah. Peace be on You O the Best of The Creatures of Allah. Peace be on You O The *** of the sinners, Peace be on You and on Your Kin and on Your companions and the Ummah all together.)
(18) As long as tongue, heart, mind can endure continue reciting Durood-o-Salam, praying for forgiveness and prosperity of all concerned in the world and the Hereafter, with particular beggings for the **** by the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be on him) beseeching,
(19) Then convey the salaam on behalf of the persons who have specially requested you, this is an obligatory permitted and commanded by the Shariat.
(20) Then moving a little backward on your right hand or the west side keeping your face at the visage of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) offer the salutations in these words,
(TRANSLATION:- Peace be on You O the vice regent of the Apostle of Allah; Peace be on You O the Minister of the Apostle of Allah; Peace be on You O the companion of the Apostle of Allah in the Cave and the Mercy and the Blessings of Allah).
(21) Then moving back in the same way, and keeping your face towards the Caliph Hazrat Umar (may Allah be please with him) offer your salutations thus,
(TRANSLATION:- Peace be on You, O the Commander of the faithful; Peace be on you O, is The Accomplishes of the Number of *Forty. Peace be on you the Honor of Islam and all the Muslims and the Mercy and Blessing of Allah.)
(22) Then return a little to the west in between the Holy Graves of Hazrat Abu Bak'r and Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) and offer the salutation;
(TRANSLATION:- Peace be on you both the vice regents of the Apostle of Allah, Peace be on you both O the Ministers of the Apostle of Allah; Peace be on you both O who are having (eternal) rest at the sides of the Apostle of Allah and the Mercy and Blessing of Allah. I beseech you to **** for us before the Apostle of Allah, Allah's peace and grace on him and you and the Blessing and Peace).
(23) All these places of salutations are the venues for the acceptance of prayers (dua) in the presence of Almighty Allah and it should be the endeavour of every fortunate pilgrims to these places to offer commulative and all embracing prayers for the well being and prosperity of all concerned. The best offering's are the presentation of Durood-o-Salam. In addition he may recite,
(TRANSLATION:- O Allah! I make you witness and Your Apostle and Abu Bakr and Umar and Your Angels who descend on this Shrine and who stay here. I make them all witness and give evidence that there is no god but You, You are Alone and there no companion to You and Muhammad SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam Your Abd and Your Apostle. O Allah! I confess sins and acts of evil, Forgive me and have Favour on me as You did to Your Friends. Indeed You are of Beneficence and the merciful Forgiven of sins. O our Lord! Grant us well being in the world and (comforts) in the Hereafter and save us from the Fire (of the Hell).
(24) Then he offer prayers near the Holy Pulpit.
(25) Here Thereafter he should offer two rakat's of Nafil in the "Plant bed of the** Paradise" (Jannat Ki Kiyari).
*: Hazrat Umar was the fortieth person to accept Islam.
**:The space between the Holy Pulpit (Mimbar Sharif) and Holy Apartment of the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be on him) or Hujrah Sharif was declared as "Jannat Ki Kiyari" by him.
(26) Even otherwise he should offer prayer at every pillar of the Holy Masjid (Masid-e-Nabvi). All these places have their own blessing.
(27) So long as one stays in Madina Munawwarah, he should not allow any single breath go waste. Every available opportunity must be used for Durood-o-Salam and prayers for all.
(28) While entering the Masjid-e-Nabvi a Niyat of Eitekaf for a stay in the Holy place should be made that he will not come out of the masjid unless some permissible excuse occurs. In faith this Niyat of Eitekaf should be made while going into any masjid, reminding that unless the who process of prayer, worship is completed he will not neither come out nor indulge in any unnecessary talk/work with any one so long he stays in the masjid.
(29) It will be quite a good fortune if one gets the opportunity of staying in Madinah Tayyeba in the Holy month of Ramzan, especially during the summer, the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be him) has promised **** for a keeping fast in a hot season in the holy city of Madinah and staying there for this purpose.
(30) Here every good deed is rewarded upto fifty thousand times more than at any place. Therefore the endeavour should be to spend as much time in worship, recitation of the Holy Quran, Durood Sharif etc, as is possible. Besides sadaqah and charity should also be given more in Madina Munawwarah especially among the needy and deserving.
(31) At least one full recital of the Holy Quran (all 30 Parts) should be completed during the stay in the Masjid-e-Nabvi as well as in the Hateem-e-Kaaba.
(32) To have a look (with a spirit of dignified inspiration and reverence) is in itself an act of virtue and piety, so is the case with the Holy Quran. Therefore it should be repeated as often as is possible, reciting Durood-o-Salam on each occasion.
(33) After all the Five Salat (Namaz) or at at least twice daily in the morning and every present yourself at the specified spots to offer salaam in the presence of (Huzur) of the Holy Prophet, (Allah's grace and peace be upon him).
(34) In the city or outside wherever the Tomb of the Mazar-e-Muqaddas comes to sight stay for a while facing the site and offer Durood-o-salam. To pass by the site without praying homage is an act of grave impropriety and disrespect.
(35) To abstain from the Jannat of any Farz Name is by itself undesirable and a sign of indifference to this part of worship (which promotes feeling of solidarity among fellow attendants and other besides), but to do so in the Masjide Nabvi, intentionally and frequently shows the weakness of Eiman and disregard for the holy Traditions (Ahadees) in this respect. The reward for the observance of this level (Namaz with Jamat in the Masjid-e-Nabvi) is known to Allah alone. But the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him) has said "For every one who does not a single Namaz with Jama'at in My Masjid will be granted deliverance from the Fire of Hell (in the Hereafter) and acts of duplicity and hypocrisy (in this world).
(36) One must endeavour to offer every prayer (Namaz) within the area of the Masjid-e-Awwal which a space of about 100 by 100 in length and breadth in the life of the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him. This has now been extended many times due to the expansion of Masjid-e-Nabvi from time to time thereafter. The whole Masjid constitutes a single unit and every spot is equally holy and sacred, but still the said spot has its spiritual and reverential significance.
(37) Never keep your back at the Mazar-e-Sharif, even while offering prayers (Salat) care should be taken to avoid the back being at the site of the Mazar-e-Aqdas.
(38) It is not desirable to have a customary Tawaf of the Roza-e-Anwar, nor prostrating nor bending one's back equal to that of rukn. The real faith and reverence lies not in the external display of respect but in faithful obedience and humble devotion to the Holy Prophet SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam.
(39) The ZIARAT OF JANNAT UL BAQEE is sunnat. After the Ziarat of the Shrine of the Holy Prophet (Allah's peace and grace be upon him), a visit to the Jannatul Baqee (graveyard) is also essential especially on Fridays, as a mark of respect to the departed revered souls. In this famous and sacred Grave Yard are buried nearly ten thousand companions of the' Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him), besides those pious personages known as Tabe-een (those who followed or came after the Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be upon him) Taba Tabe-een (who followed the T'abe-een), holy saints, scholars and virtuous persons who are all countless in numbers. When a person enters this grave yard, he should a Niyat to pray for all departed personage buried there, saluting them thus,
(Peace be on you (all) dwelling the homes of the community of Believers.)
(You are our predecessors and if Allah The Excelled wills we shall meet you. O Allah! Forgive all the Dwellers of Baqee. O Allah! Forgive us and them.) He may recite some more rites and `dua' if he likes,
(TRANSLATION:- O Allah! Forgive us and our parents and our teachers and our brothers and our sisters and our children and companions and our friends and him who has right on us and him who made well for us and all the Momin men and women and all the Muslim men and women.(Amin)
He then should visit the graves of the well known personages. Among all the Dwellers of the Baqee the most dignified is Amirul Momineen Hazrat Usman (may Allah be pleased with him.) He should visit his grave and offer salutation
(TRANSLATION:- Peace be on you O Amirul Momineen, commander of the Faithful. Peace be on you, O The Third of the Righteous Caliphs, Peace be on you O the honored with two Migrations, Peace be on you O the provider of help with the wealth and the commodities, Peace be on you and May Allah reward you on behalf of his Apostle and on behalf of all Musalmans, May Allah be pleased with you and with the companions all together.
In this Graveyard are the mazars of Hazrat Ibrahim the son of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Mazars of Ummul Momineen Hazrat Khadija and other consorts of the Holy Prophet (May the peace and grace of Allah be on him), other grand personages Hazrat Hamza, Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Abdullah Bin Mas'ood, Hazrat Imam Hasan and Hazrat Imam Hussain, Hazrat Imam Malik and others of the companions, their followers and other Imam's of the Deen. He should visit Mazars of all these righteous revered personages offer salutations to them and recite Fateha.
(40) He should visit Quba and offer two rakats in the Masjid-e-*Quba.
(41) He should offer homage to the Martyrs of the Battle of O'had. It is reported in the Hadees that in the beginning of every year, the Holy Prophet (may Allah's peace and grace be on him) used to visit the mazars of the Martyrs of O'had and prayed for them; peace be on you with the reward of (your) patience and the well being in Hereafter; He should visit the Mountain of O'had. The Holy Prophet (may Allah's peace and grace be on him) held O'had very dear and used to say we love O'had also loves us.
The Holy Prophet (may Allah's peace and grace be on him) has said that "When you go to Ohad, eat something of its trees, even if it be the thorns of `babool'. It is better that one should go to O'had on Thursday in the morning and the first thing he should do is to visit the Mazar of Sayed-ush-Shuhada (The Leader of all the Martyrs) and offer salutations. According to other reports the mazars of Hazrat Abdullah Bin Jahas and Mus'ab Bin Umair are also here. He should pay homage to them; proceeding further be would reach Quba safiyah (who was the maternal aunt of the Holy Prophet [may Allah's peace and grace be on him]). This is the last spot of visit on the Mountain of O'had.
*: It is said in Tirmizi that a Salat in the Masjid of Quba is equal to the Two Umrahs. He SallAllaaho Alaihe Wa AaliHii Wasallam used to visit Quba every week and spoke highly by it.