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Response on the prayer of the supplicant - Quran Chapter 2- 186a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-221) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 186a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-221) -درسقرآن
Response on the prayer of the supplicant
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
وَإِذَاسَأَلَكَعِبَادِىعَنِّىفَإِنِّىقَرِيبٌأُجِيبُدَعْوَةَٱلدَّاعِإِذَادَعَانِ (186  a)
186a.  And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then surely   I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calleth unto Me. 186a.  Wa ‘izaa sa-‘alaka ‘ibaa-Dii ‘anNii fa-‘inNii Qariib. ‘Ujiibu  da’- watad-daa-‘i   ‘izaa da-‘aani,
Commentary ‘Annii - (concerning Me, about Me), that is to say; they ask about My closeness and distance. Some religions have considered that God Almighty is so much at distance and high from us that reaching there, is entirely impossible. Islam rejected this false belief and told that Allah Almighty is extremely nigh to the human being.
‘Inni…

Mankind should magnify God for guidance - Quran Chapter 2- 185e (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-220) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 185e (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-220) -درسقرآن
Mankind should magnify God for guidance

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
وَلِتُكْمِلُوا۟ٱلْعِدَّةَوَلِتُكَبِّرُوا۟ٱللَّهَعَلَىٰمَاهَدَىٰكُمْوَلَعَلَّكُمْتَشْكُرُونَ (185  e)
185e.  And (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.   185e.  Wa  litukmilul-‘iddata wa litukab-birullaaha ‘alaa maa hadaakum wa la-‘allakum tashkuruun.
Commentary Great aim of fasting is fear of God (abstinence) as it has been discussed earlier in the verse 183, (Lesson # 212). Now in the last part of this verse other three purposes of the fasting have been described.
Litukmilul-‘iddata (you should complete the period), it means that the disabled people may keep the fasts d…

Fast in case of sickness or on a journey - Quran Chapter 2- 185d (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-219) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 185d (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-219) -درسقرآن
Fast in case of sickness or on a journey
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلْعُسْرَ (185  d)
185d.  And whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same) number on other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; 185d.  Wa  man-  kaana  mariizan  ‘aw  ‘alaa  safarin  fa-  ‘iddatum-min  ‘ayyaa-min  ‘u-khar.  Yuriidullahu  biku-mul-yusra  wa  laa  yuriidu  bikumul- ‘usr.
Commentary This reality has been disclosed in this verse of the Holy Qur’an that the Natural Religion i.e. Islam is very easy and simple. Islam does not desire severe hardships, arduous labors or impracticable wo…

Concession from fasting is only for the sick and passenger - Quran Chapter 2- 185c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-218) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 185c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-218) -درسقرآن
Concession from fasting is only for the sick and passenger
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ (185  c)
185c.  And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month. 185c.  Faman-  shahida  min-kumush-Shahra  fal-yasumh.
Commentary It has been described in this part of the verse that the individual who remains living till the month of Ramadan, must fast. Concession is only for the sick and the passenger. This commandment is due to owing the excellence of the month of Ramadan, which is being discussed once again, as an abstract.
Having a fast is a tradition in every nation of the world, for example; on the day of Ashurah (10th of the first lunar month), Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) and His nation got freedo…

Clear Proofs for guidance - Quran Chapter 2- 185b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-217) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 185b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-217) -درسقرآن
Clear Proofs for guidance
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
هُدًىلِّلنَّاسِوَبَيِّنَٰتٍمِّنَٱلْهُدَىٰوَٱلْفُرْقَانِ (185b)
185b.  Guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion (of right and wrong). 185b.  Hudal-linnaasi  wa  bayyinaatim-minal-hudaa  wal-furqaan.
Commentary
To manifest the excellence of the blessed month of Ramadan Allah Almighty explained in the beginning of this verse that Holy Qur’an was begun to reveal upon the Last Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) in this month. Now three characteristics of Holy Qur’an have been explained as under:
1.Hudan (guidance) –Holy Qur’an is spring of guidance for the entire humankind. Every individual can get to know the Straight Path t…

How Holy Qur’an was revealed? - Quran Chapter 2- 185a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-216) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 185a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-216) -درسقرآن
How Holy Qur’an was revealed?
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
شَهْرُرَمَضَانَٱلَّذِىٓأُنزِلَفِيهِٱلْقُرْءَانُ (185  a)
185a.  The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur‘an, 185a.  Shahru  Ramazaa-nallazii  ‘unzila fiihil-Qur-‘aanu-
Commentary
Ramazaan (the month of Ramadan) this word has come out from the word Ramaza, literal meaning of which is severity of sunlight and heat. It is ninth month of Islamic Calendar. Islamic year runs with lunar system instead of solar system and the lunar months use to exchange during different seasons. So the month of Ramadan also comes in the different seasons and the person, who fasts, enjoys every season.
Allah Almighty has explained in this verse specialty and the cause of fasting during the month of Ramadan…

Importance and blessings of the Fast - Quran Chapter 2- 184c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-215) - درس قرآن

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QuranChapter 2- 184c (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-215) -درسقرآن
Importance and blessings of the Fast
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)
وَأَنتَصُومُوا۟خَيْرٌلَّكُمْإِنكُنتُمْتَعْلَمُونَ (184  c)
184c.  And that ye fast is better for you if ye did but know. 184c.  Wa  ‘an- tasuumuu  khayrul-lakum  ‘inkuntum  ta’-lamuun.
Commentary
In this part of the verse, importance, goodness and blessings of the Fasting have been described and told that although, any reasonable excuse may compel the human being to either postpone to keep the fast or pay ransom, even then, the advantages and blessings for keeping fast, which may be gained only during the month of Ramadaan, when someone will keep fasting. Those benefits cannot be acquired from expiation or to be fast “the postponed fast” (kafaarah or Qazaa’). Therefore, it has been…