Monday, July 24, 2017

Ransom against offering - Quran Chapter 2- 196d (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-244) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 196d  (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-244) - درس قرآن

Ransom against offering

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

196d. إِذَآ أَمِنتُمْ فَمَن تَمَتَّعَ بِٱلْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى ٱلْحَجِّ فَمَا ٱسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ ٱلْهَدْىِ ۚ فَمَن لَّمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ فَثَلَٰثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِى ٱلْحَجِّ وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ ۗ تِلْكَ عَشَرَةٌ كَامِلَةٌ ۗ

196d. And if ye are in safety, then whosoever contenteth himself with Visit (Umrah) for the Pilgrimage (shall give) such offering as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such offering), then a fast of three days while on the Pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in all.
196d.  Fa-‘izaaa  ‘amintum , faman-  tamatta-‘a  bil- ‘Um-rati  ‘ilalHajji famastaysara  
minal-hady.  Famal-lam  
yajid  fa- siyaamu  salaasati 
‘ayyaamin-  fil-Hajji  wa sab-‘atin  ‘izaa  raja’-tum. Tilka   ‘asharatun- kaamilah.

Commentary

 ‘Amintum – (you are in safety) that is to say; whenever you come in safety and peace from the situations of danger and disease. 

Tamatta-‘a – (get benefit) in the sense of religious theology, it aims “to perform the Pilgrimage and Visit (Hajj and Umrah) joining the both”, namely performing Umrah duly worn with ‘Ihraam during the times of Pilgrimage and then with another ‘Ihraam the Pilgrimage - Hajj) is performed. During the times of Ignorance, the Arabs had invented such false belief that it was sin to perform the Umrah in the season of Pilgrimage (Hajj).

 ‘Izaa  raja’-tum – (whenever you return) it signifies that when you return after the completion of the Rituals of Pilgrimage, though the Pilgrim is staying still in Makkah and he has not yet returned to his native country. However, some scholars have taken the meanings of this narration that whenever you reach your home from Makkah.

This commandment is for that Pilgrim in this verse, who wishes to perform both (Hajj and Umrah) in the season of Pilgrimage. It is called Tamatta’ or Qir’aan. This type of Pilgrim should sacrifice either one goat or seventh share of a cow or a camel. This offering is not required by that Pilgrim who performs only Pilgrimage and he doesn’t perform the Umrah with It. Those people who perform the Pilgrimage Tamatta’ or Qir’aan but they can’t give offering due to poorness or any other strong reason, then it is compulsory for them that they should fast for ten days, three - during the days of Pilgrimage which finish on the ninth Zul-Hajjah (the Day of ‘Arafah) and seven after reaching their native land. This expiation has been fixed in the form of fasting due to the reason that while any individual is unable to obey the commandment of God Almighty then his spirit may not bring him unto the rebellion or disobedience. So, he should keep fasting so that his spirit may remain pure and his intention remains good.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/l-FtSo4MBQc

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