Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Do good and have good - Quran Chapter 2- 195 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-239) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 195 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-239) - درس قرآن

Do good and have good

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

(195) وَأَنفِقُوا۟ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَا تُلْقُوا۟ بِأَيْدِيكُمْ إِلَى ٱلتَّهْلُكَةِ ۛ وَأَحْسِنُوٓا۟ ۛ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ

195.  And spend your wealth for the Cause of Allah, and cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent.  
195.  Wa ‘anfiquu  fii  sabiiLIllaahi 
wa  laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilattahlukah.  Wa  
‘ahsinuuu  ‘innAllaaha  
yuhibbul-Muh-siniin.

Commentary

Laa  tulquu  bi-‘aydii-kum  ‘ilat-tahlukah – (cast not (yourselves) by your own hands to ruin), there was a command about fighting and strive (qataal & jihaad) in the previous verses, and it has been ordered that they should spend the wealth for the cause of God Almighty before this sentence of the verse under discussion. As though, it is the command of God Almighty that whenever there is a need to strive for the country and nation, and the sacrifice of the wealth is required, the Muslims should not show avarice, and don’t stop their hands to spend the wealth for the cause of Allah. If you will do so, then it will be like that “you will cut your own feet, you will slaughter yourselves”. Doing so, not only it will harm the nation and the country, but the defeat of the nation will be your own defeat and the harm of the religion will be your own loss.  

Some people take its meaning wrong: Plunge not into the danger intentionally and don’t put your life into the risky affairs. This cause is entirely not from this sentence, it is true, but neither there is situation of it and nor it has been mentioned here.

Command for fighting and strive, it has been prescribed upon the Muslims in the earlier verses that they should sacrifice their lives in the way of God Almighty, fight the enemies of His religion to raise it. If Idolaters and Infidels resist their work, they should fight against them also and lift their swords upon them to stop the cruelty. In this verse, God Almighty has ordered to spend their wealth for the Cause of Allah Almighty.
   
Sacrifice of the lives is required to crush the enemies and to press the persecution and the rebellion, so that the soldiers of God Almighty plunge into the battlefield; by keeping their lives on their palms, with full excitement of Islam without caring of their death and slaughter, and strive for only one purpose ‘Raising the name of Allah Almighty’. For this intention, spending the wealth and property is needed at the second stage, so that the arms, weapons and equipment for war may be bought, security may be provided to the left behind members of the soldiers’ families, necessities of life of the martyrs’ children and widows may be fulfilled, eating and drinking items for the Army may be amassed and goods of ration may be stored in case of being besieged.

‘ahsinuuu – (do good) the meanings of ‘ih-saan (favor, kindness)  are “to behave good for goodness”. It aims that “whatsoever would you do, that should be done with good intention and sincerity. Don’t do any work only as bringing down the forced labor (taken without wages or remuneration) and paying debt. Also that nothing can become hindrance in the good behavior during fighting and strive – (Qataal and Jihaad). Messenger of God Almighty preached so more for the good behavior that while you begin to sacrifice any animal, you should do so that it feels the pain at the very least too.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/ZB6dFpau5Do

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