Monday, July 17, 2017

No hostility except against wrongdoers - Quran Chapter 2- 193 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-236) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 193 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-236) - درس قرآن

No hostility except against wrongdoers

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

   وَقَٰتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّىٰ لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ ٱلدِّينُ لِلَّهِ فَإِنِ ٱنتَهَوْا۟ فَلَا عُدْوَٰنَ إِلَّا عَلَى ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ (193  

193.  And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers.
193.  Wa  qaatiluuhum  hatta  laa  takuunu  fitnatunw – wa  ya-kuunad-Diinu-Lillaah. Fa-‘ininta-haw  falaa  ‘udwaana    ‘illaa  ‘alaz-zaalimiin.

Commentary

Qaatiluuhum – (fight them) it may be an indication towards the entire Infidels, but the religious scholars have aimed from it only the Idolaters of Makkah, because here; it appears the form of words toward them.

‘Ad-Diinu – (the Religion), this word is used for reward and punishment in Arabic, which means revenge, exchange. It has come for several meanings in the Holy Qur’an, that is to say, revenge, exchange, the way of conception and action, the religion, the worship of God Almighty and obedience etc.

It has been commanded in this verse that waging a war should be continued against the infidel persecutors and the enemies of Islam till the time; the persecution and the mischief go to end, the Rule of God Almighty overcomes, none should have the power to oppose or attack without just cause on the Rule of Allah Almighty and if any individual insults it then he should be punished properly and immediately.

Islam desires that the Rule of God Almighty should be public and common. The entire people including believers of other religions may pass their lives satisfactorily at their own places. Places of worship and prayers, and religious stations may remain safe from their tyranny. No hindrance may be produced in the path of Islam. This is the only one form with which Peace may be maintained in the world. Otherwise, persecution/mischief will continue raising its head always and the people may never remain in comfort. Islam has three options for it:

1.   Invite the people to embrace Islam. If they agree to believe that God Almighty is One, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) is the last Messenger of God Almighty and the Day of Resurrection, then Allah Almighty will forgive their evildoing and they will get all equal rights of the Muslims in the Islamic society.

2.   If the people are not ready to embrace Islam, however, they promise to refrain from its opposition, then they may live fondly in the Islamic state. In this form, it will be the responsibility of the Muslims to provide them protection and security.

3.   If they don’t agree to the above mentioned two options and continue opposing the Rule of God Almighty, that is to say; they become mad in selfishness, then their decision should be finalized with the sword. Their punishment is not less than killing. Persecutors and enemies of the Peace can never be forgiven.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/YiFyj7w9EtQ

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