Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Turning face to east or west only is not sufficient - Quran Chapter 2- 177a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-202) - درس قرآن


Quran Chapter 2- 177a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-202) - درس قرآن

Turning face to east or west only is not sufficient

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

 لَّيْسَ ٱلْبِرَّ أَن تُوَلُّوا۟وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ ٱلْمَشْرِقِ وَٱلْمَغْرِبِ وَلَٰكِنَّ ٱلْبِرَّ مَنْ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَٱلْمَلَٰٓئِكَةِ وَٱلْكِتَٰبِ وَٱلنَّبِيِّۦنَ (177  a)      

177a.  It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the East and the West; but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the Prophets;
177a.  Laysal-birra ‘an-  tuwalluu  wujuuhakum  qibalal-Mashriqi  wal-Magribi  wa laakinnal-birra  man  ‘aama-na  Billaahi  wal-  Yawmil-‘Akhiri  wal-  malaaa—‘ikati  wal-Kitaabi  wan-nabiyyiin.

Commentary
  
‘Al-birra – (Righteousness) it has vast meanings in Arabic language. Every kind of justification, goodness and uprightness, comes in the comprehension of this word.

‘Al-Mashriqu – (the East, from which direction the sun rises), Many eastern nations have used to worship the Sun believing as god, and because it rises in the east so uneducated nations took it as a sacred direction. Holy Qur’an stroke this thought severely and told that it is not the righteousness and obedience to take only anyone direction as sacred. Completion of the righteousness exists only with true beliefs and good deeds.

‘Al-  malaaa—‘ikatu - (the Angels) (peace be upon them), to admit the existence of that bright creature which keeps doing the works commanded by Allah Almighty, it is necessary to believe in them (peace be upon them).

‘Al-Kitaabu - (the Scripture) means the entire Heavenly Scriptures. It is necessary also to have faith in all of them.

‘An-nabiyyiin – it signifies towards the entire Prophets (peace be upon them) who came in this world time and time again for guidance of the human beings from God Almighty. It is necessary too to believe in all of them.

When the Children of Israel heard the proclamation by means of Holy Qur’an about censure of partnership with God Almighty and punishment of infidelity, they shivered with terror and replied by saying that we worship confronting Bait-ul-Muqaddas (Jerusalem). So we even follow the Heavenly Scripture. Why shall we suffer the Doom? In this verse, it has been replied to their stubbornness.

This verse is one of the most important verses. A comprehensive concept of the righteousness has been mentioned in it that the virtue is not only the name of mere devotion and worship, and it is not also the name of worship by turning face towards any particular direction. Moreover, according to Islam, the righteousness grows by correcting the both, the faith and the personal deeds. It has equal importance for belief, affairs, prayers, morality, behavior, sincerity and sacrifice (all).

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/1L9C7h2vCYk

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