Thursday, January 12, 2017

Duties of the soul - Quran Chptr 2-45 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-76) -درس قرآن


Quran Chptr 2-45 (Pt-1,Stg-1)(L-76) -درس قرآن

Duties of the soul

Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
  
BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
  
45.  And seek help in patience and prayer. And truly it is hard save for the humble-minded—
45. Wasta-‘iinuu bis-Sabri was-Salaah. Wa ‘innahaa lakabii-ratun ‘illaa ‘alal- Khaashi-iin.

Commentary

 ‘Ista-‘iinuu – (seek help). This word has been derived from ‘awn, which means “help and support”. Origin of this word is ‘ista-‘aanat, which means “to seek help”. When anyone feels a work difficult, he needs help of any other person/thing. In such situation, whoever requests for help, he is called musta-‘iin, and who helps the needy, is called – Mu-‘iin. More words from it are musta-‘iin, which is from ‘ista-‘aanat (begging for help), and ‘a-‘aanat from mu-‘iin (helping someone).  

‘As-Sabru – (power of endurance, and tolerance), it is needed every time. Whenever any good work is being performed, doing it wholeheartedly is also patience; and whenever someone has to suffer from any calamity, bearing it without confusion is tolerance too. During working hard, the patience is necessary also. To keep the wishes pressed needs patience too. In short, the patience is required every time and if we behold; it is the foundation of every good virtue.

God Almighty bestowed the human being two things, soul and body, and these both are very great blessings. Duty of the soul is to acquire knowledge, to devise and to take the work from the body. And it is the duty of the body that it should move in accord with the intention of the soul. The prayer is a means of gratitude for these spiritual and bodily blessings. Recognizing God Almighty is the thanks of the knowledge. The gratitude of the blessings of standing position is that someone should pray God Almighty in straight standing position, then bow and remember Him in such position and then fall prostrate and remember Allah in such position; that due to His blessings hands from elbows, legs from knees, hands and feet from wrists and ankles can be bent. This is the great blessings; otherwise if any joint becomes stiff, then it would have a severe thrashing. Then the person should sit down and think that how is it a great blessing? Remember the blessing of turning the neck at the time of saying “‘As-salaamu ‘Alaykum  wa RahmatUllaah” to the right and then to the left.  At last someone should thank God with tongue also adopting every position of the body with intention. It is called a prayer.   

'Al- Khaashi-iin – (humble-minded people); this word has been derived from khushuu’, which means “to disclose ones humility” and it is the biggest worship by the heart, the individuals who suppose themselves weak and feeble without help of God, they are called ‘al-Khaashi-iin. It is the great worship of the heart to assert his humility during standing position, bowing position, falling prostrate position and in sitting position before God Almighty, because in the prostrate position, all limbs of the body are bent which is a sign of capability to work and health of the body. So the prostration is the best form for declaration of the gratitude and conception of helplessness. We should think that if the body parts do not turn and move then the human being is helpless and crippled. From it, those people should learn who deem that the prayer is useless. 

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif) .
https://youtu.be/o6N-22PVx9s

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